Samuil Adlivankin (1897-1966) was a prolific Russian painter, graphic artist, art director and creator of monuments. He is considered a major 20th Century artist and is often referred as one of the leading figures of Russian Constructivism. He studied at the Odessa Fine Arts School under K. Kostandi and then, under Tatlin, at the Moscow State Art Studios until 1919. Active in Moscow, he began exhibiting while still studying. In 1921-22 he participated in the New Society of Artists. Today, his artworks are in the permanent collections of the State Tretyakov Gallery of Moscow and of the Russian Museum in St. Petersburg.